当前位置: 首页>>英文>>home page >>Resource service >>正文

Collection books classification and retrieval
2014-04-19 14:34  

(一)The meaning of the book classification:

The library books voluminous, knowledge, if not to various kinds of scientific organization, it can be difficult to find themselves need to readers of books. So the book checking and after registering, must, classification, cataloguing work , So that the reader"According to the class for books"。

(二)The role of the book classification:

1、For order books have to create conditions. Books, each book after the classification in the spine are to be labeled as ShuBiao, ShuBiao the number that is the book on the cable in the organization, the number, the bent frame, orderly, in order to understand the books of all kinds of books in the distribution of stack. Not only for the reader to provide convenient, and find the books to the library work has other to promote and help role.

2、Provide important way for retrieval books, books, and can be used after the classification number of orders for target classification, composition and classification directory, have classified catalogue, readers can press kind of book "; "; In addition, the introduction of computers, to provide the door readers retrieval. So the reader just understand the book, the number of cable, also will know that this book in the stacks position, can one pace reachs the designated position.

(三)Classifying books is introduced

Classifying books is according to certain ideas, with the scientific basis of classification, combined with the material content and characteristics, classify the classification of. our The library book classification work according to the Chinese library books is classification (the whole sequence of points. According to the classification of the book is divided into marxism-leninism MAO zedong thought Want to, philosophy, natural sciences, social sciences, comprehensive books five basic BuLei. In the five basic BuLei on the basis of, and further divided into 22 basic categories, under which divided into several small class and thin.Categories respectively with twenty-two English letter A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J and K, N, P and Q, O, R, S, T, U, V, X and Z said. Readers understand and are familiar with the 22 categories in borrowing books, you according to the figure is easier to find what you need yourself The material. Now the list of the 22 are as follows:

Categories occupying interface

Classified number class name said Ming

A marxism, Leninism, MAO zedong thought, deng xiaoping theory this kind of focus on the list of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin, MAO zedong and deng xiaoping Of all the literature, about their biography, life story of writings, and marxism, Leninism, MAO zedong thought, deng xiaoping theory and the study The research literature

B the philosophy, religious this category includes philosophy theory (marxist philosophy, the basic philosophical problems, dialectical materialism and historical materialism, philosophical schools and their research) All countries in the world and philosophy; Philosophical category of each subject; religious

C social science including general general social science the generality of the problems and has the distinction between social science attribute and the comprehensive course with universal categories (statistics, sociology, population, management, ethnology, talent choosing and labor science, etc.)

D political, legal D0 political theory; D1/3 communist movement and the communist party; D4 workers, farmers, youth, women's movement and organization; D5/7 world and countries D8 diplomacy, international relations; D9 / DF law

E military including military theory; E0 E1/7 world military; ZhanLveXue, learn, battle E8's ZhanShuXue, military technology; E99 military topography, military geography learn

F economic F0 economics; F1 world economy; F2 economic planning and management; F3/8 department economic

G culture, science, education, sports G0 culture theory; G1 world cultural undertakings situation; The G2 information and knowledge dissemination; G3 science, scientific research; G4 Education; G8 sports

H language, words H0 linguistics; H1/2 Chinese and the Chinese ethnic languages; The H3 common language; H4/8 each language and regional language; H9 international aijt-fuiu-yv

I literature I0 literary theory; I2 Chinese literature; I206 literature review and research (by age points); I207 each body literature review and research (in style points); I209 literature (by age points); I21 anthology (by age/region); I22/29 each body literary works (in style-age-genre-theme points)

J art J0 art theory; The countries all over the world situation; art J1 J2/59 modelling "the arts (painting, calligraphy, seal cutting, sculpture, photography art, craft art and architecture Art); J6/7 (music, dance performance art); J8/9 comprehensive art (drama art, movies, television art)

K history, geography this kind of only income the history of human society and the history of the auxiliary discipline-biographies, cultural relic archaeology, customs, etc

Nnatural science including general general of the natural science and the relevant problems common distinguish nature integrated research and comprehensive scientific literature

O mathematical science and chemistry O1 mathematics; O3 mechanics; M1 physics; O6 chemistry; O7 crystal learn

P astronomy, earth science P1 astronomy; P2 surveying and mapping learning; P3 earth physics; Atmospheric science; mp4 System of geology; What do oceanography; P9 Natural geography

Q biological science the 25 th / 89 ordinary biology and biological foundation subject; Q91 paleontology; Q93/96 microbiology, botany, zoology and entomology; Q98 anthropology

R medicine, health R1 preventive medicine, hygiene; R2/8 medicine; R9 pharmacy S agricultural science S1/4 agricultural scientific general parts; S5/9 agricultural science Canon part

T industrial technology TB general industrial technology; TD mining engineering; TE oil and natural gas industry; TF metallurgy industry; TG with metal process; metal science etc.it TH machinery, instrument Industry; TJ weapons industry; Energy and power engineering; toshimi koitabashi TL atomic energy technology; TM electrical technology; TN radio electronics, telecommunication technology; TP automation technology (including automation theory, automation technology and equipment, computer theory, technology and equipment); TQ chemical industry; TS light industry, handicrafts, TU struck a deal with MBC building science; TV water conservancy project

U transportation U1 comprehensive transportation; U2 railway transportation; U4 highway transportation; U6 water transportation; [U8] air transport

V aviation and aerospace morally deals with test, respectively structure and manufacturing, and various types of aircraft or spacecraft, fuel and lubricant, ground equipment, system engineering of the order of sequence Corresponding column class

X environmental science, safety science and environmental science foundation theory; X1 X2/3 social and environment and environmental management; X4/7 disasters and environment and its prevention and control, waste treatment and Comprehensive utilization; X8 environmental quality assessment and monitoring; X91 safety science foundation theory; X92 safety management; X93/96 safety engineering and labor health project

Z comprehensive books Z1 series; Z2 encyclopedia, books; Z3 dictionary; Proceedings, the complete, selection of Z4, miscellaneous histories; Z5 annual yearbook,; Z6 journals, continuous Publications; Library catalogue, abstract, Z8 index

(四)How to retrieval collection books

My museum collection of books all use the Chinese library classification (a small amount of the old books exception); The publication of the book library, reading room, all USES classification method, the bent frame To facilitate readers from books and periodicals knowledge of the subject system of literature search. Now available for readers of our use of Chinese book catalog, of which there are three sets of Chinese book collection Bibliography database, and has already built the Internet is available for readers in the library, the retrieval.

1.Briefly introduces a few basic concept:

①what is the title? Is the direct expression or symbol, metaphor and literature, and the content of the individualized literature. Is the book title, usually in cover pages can see.

②what is responsible? Usually refers to the creation of the content of literature, arrangement of directly responsible individuals or groups. Generally speaking, the author is.

③what is ISBN? Is the abbreviation of international standard book number, the 10 numerals, into four segments. The first paragraph for national, regional, language or other organization sets The group the code; The second period for press code; The third section for book serial number; The fourth section for computer check number. ISBN form for: ISBN7-310-00788-3, general it in the book the back cover.

④what is classified number? According to the content of the book classification according to the books or features classifying books finishing. Such as: TP312

⑤what are the call? Refers to the same kind of books to the library according to the order of the order a method. Such as: TP312/1, TP312/2

2.directory services

The library catalog is revealed how the library collection, and the important tool of literature retrieval. Therefore, to make full use of library, understand and master the use of the catalogue in the library Method is very important. At present, the library catalogue into two types coexist.

readable catalogue

(1) machine readable catalog is a use of the computer machine readable catalog of communication format bibliography. The reader need through the computer inquires the online public directory, in order to win All kinds of bibliographic information collection.

(2)current library computer public service is located on the first floor bibliography inquires comprehensive stacks the entrance, readers can also be on the campus network in even RenYiTai computer Through the access to books and periodicals collection http://218.195.42.85 directory information query. Our library books retrieval method using WWW since September 2000 the library New book not enter the card catalog, readers can use the machine readable catalog retrieval, also can access the library homepage inquires in through the catalogue record.

(3)machine readable catalog inquires simple inquires into two senior inquires and. Simple inquires a inquires can only be content in individual inquires senior inquires, can be At the same time to the title, author, number, subject for multinomial content such as combination of the inquiry. Simple inquires the and senior inquires at any time to switch between free.

(4)machine readable catalog is the advantages of quick, convenient, and indicate the library collection, the number of books, whether can use, readers can query result. According to a needle On the choice of the ways of borrowing. Library computer public retrieval system instructions were using a computer management, in order to make readers quickly, convenient to use the library Collect books, our comprehensive stacks in a retrieval terminal for AD hoc Chinese books bibliography and readers inquires collection books borrowing. (also, through the login institute web site http://www.wntc.edu.cn, and then link to the library, also can undertake collection bibliography information).the system provides six database retrieval, and now my house to build a Chinese books bibliography database, in the database, and provide the book of "business name," "responsible", "the number", "subject", "business Pronounce abbreviation ", "name" approach, ISBN retrieval readers can need according to oneself through the drop-down menu select retrieval way. If you needed inquires the book to book Name, is very clear, the responsible in retrieval tip column of the menu first choice "is in", and in the input box next to the books you want to search the input title or responsibility The blind; If you want to book title is not very clear, in search of the column suggests the drop-down menu place choose? Quot; Contains ", and then in the input box next to the input You want to find some of the books information.for example: want to find the computer or English book, input "computer" or "English", after losing, then press "enter key", on the left will appear what you need to find the books information, the number, and you'll find this book in the stacks position, facilitate you quickly find need books. In the bottom of the retrieval system provides the bibliography information, card format, concise format machine-readable catalogue and collect borrowing to choose from the menu, facilitate readers understand the books The number of library collection, and whether can use, readers may according to the choice of the targeted query result borrowing mode.

Use computer check purpose the matters needing attention :

(1)in the input information, must take the right of the scroll bar in the initial position;

2) on the input method of switching can through the combination of the lower left key "shift + CTRL" complete;

(3) the reader is strictly prohibited "end run";

(4) in the eye, should check strictly according to "use" operation, not just guide according to the hot start button or shutdown, each time limit check for 10 or 15 minutes.

card catalogue

(1) classification catalogues

Category is according to the literature of the disciplines, according to the classification of the library organization a directory. Its function is from knowledge library. This paper discloses categories Through the classified catalogue, readers to reveal a subject of books, reveal the relationship between subjects, proceeding in finding the books. Readers to use the directory in must first Through the classification make sure their need to book of subject classification number, and then based on the number of, in the catalog to search. We can see every directory with the classification number and all box class Name, readers when use, can decide you want to find which sort of book. If (to category also don't know, see "Chinese library classification" class Eye chart).

(2)title catalogue

The title of the title words according to the directory is the organized directory, the title by stroke this arrangement, directory readers find books according to the title first 2 stroke, according to its up again This pen (that is, some of the order of abandoned namely) in the directory of the word, searching the same 2 the second word again to the number of strokes, a "pen" search, this up a pen Analogy. The coronal s, digital before the title, letters, and the symbols, all concentrated in the front row title catalog. Example: in 1991, 8080,, and the dBASE Ⅲ.

(3) author catalogue

Author catalog is the name of the author in the word organized directory, it can be the same author's different books and translation together in a search for an author The books and ideas are the most convenient. Chinese authors directory name strokes according to authors, this arrangement method and Chinese are the same to the author, title catalog of various According to different work of the title, the number of strokes. This arrangement Library for the same work of the first author, the second author make arrangement the author catalogue respectively.

Each directory box all have the card, is to some categories because too much, do the book further instructions. To find, copy down, the number to staff, the check Find. (because night stacks open-shelf reading, the student's students can enter into a reader reads books, so free stacks only through the computer or the card catalogue query, To find the book's information, to copy down the number, and then give it to the staff search) stack.

 
关闭本页

版权所有: 渭南师范学院图书馆
渭南市朝阳路 渭南师范学院图书馆 714000 
电话:0913-2133032